Puako, HI Profile: Facts & Data


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Puako, Hawaii - Basic Facts

The Puako Census Designated Place had a population of 834 as of July 1, 2020. Puako ranks in the lower quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Hawaii. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Puako is located at latitude 19.9715 and longitude -155.8402 in Hawaii County. The formal boundaries for the Puako Census Designated Place encompass a land area of 10.31 sq. miles and a water area of 7.33 sq. miles. Hawaii County is in the Hawaii time zone (GMT -10). The elevation is 3 feet.

The Puako Census Designated Place (GNIS ID: 2414126) has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

Hawaii is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Puako Census Designated Place is located within South Kohala Division of Hawaii County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Puako: Lalamilo, Pukao.


Puako, HI Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 834 (100%)
Population in Households 834 (100.0%)
Population in Families 598 (71.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 0
Population Density 81
Diversity Index2 61


Median Household Income $102,051
Average Household Income $167,654
% of Income for Mortgage4 46%
Per Capita Income $79,053
Wealth Index5 256


Total HU (Housing Units) 2,435 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 246 (10.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 173 ( 7.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,016 (82.8%)
Median Home Value $1,127,778
Average Home Value $1,284,109
Housing Affordability Index3 58


Total Households 419
Average Household Size 1.99
Family Households 244
Average Family Size 2
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.76% 0.76%
Households 0.63% 0.75%
Families 0.88% 0.73%
Median Household Income   4.28%
Per Capita Income   3.97%
Owner Occupied HU   1.5%


Puako, HI - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Puako to the other 151 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Hawaii by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 127 17th
Population Density # 141 7th
Median Household Income # 23 85th
Housing Affordability Index # 24 16th
Per Capita Income # 2 99th
Diversity Index # 144 5th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Hawaii Census Data Comparison Tool.

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