Hilo, HI Profile: Facts & Data

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Hilo, Hawaii - Basic Facts

The Hilo Census Designated Place had a population of 46,803 as of July 1, 2020. Hilo ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Hawaii. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Hilo is located at latitude 19.7225 and longitude -155.0868 in Hawaii County. The formal boundaries for the Hilo Census Designated Place encompass a land area of 53.39 sq. miles and a water area of 4.89 sq. miles. Hawaii County is in the Hawaii time zone (GMT -10). The elevation is 20 feet.

The Hilo Census Designated Place (GNIS ID: 2414042) has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

Hawaii is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Hilo Census Designated Place is located within Hilo Division of Hawaii County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Hilo: Hido.

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Hilo, HI Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)

POPULATION

Total Population 46,803 (100%)
Population in Households 45,009 (96.2%)
Population in Families 35,427 (75.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 1,794 ( 3.8%)
Population Density 877
Diversity Index2 88
 
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $57,781
Average Household Income $77,474
% of Income for Mortgage4 26%
Per Capita Income $27,401
Wealth Index5 88
 

HOUSING

Total HU (Housing Units) 18,596 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 10,713 (57.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 5,775 (31.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,108 (11.3%)
Median Home Value $356,615
Average Home Value $396,280
Housing Affordability Index3 101
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 16,488
Average Household Size 2.73
Family Households 10,925
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.77% 0.77%
Households 0.62% 0.74%
Families 0.59% 0.74%
Median Household Income   1.94%
Per Capita Income   2.05%
Owner Occupied HU   0.83%

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Hilo, HI - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Hilo to the other 151 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Hawaii by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 4 98th
Population Density # 80 48th
Median Household Income # 117 23rd
Housing Affordability Index # 110 73rd
Per Capita Income # 95 38th
Diversity Index # 36 77th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Hawaii Census Data Comparison Tool.

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